10 methods to quit smoking.

Can quitting smoking be forever? The main thing – A strong desire to become a non-smoker and a positive attitude toward the outcome. Specialists call it effective methods that make it possible not to smoke for 6 months.

Doctor’s help.

Psychoanalyst will help create the best regime for the period of quitting cigarettes and prescribe drugs to help cope with stress as needed. All scientifically based and suitable for those who prefer official medicine.

Patches and nicotine gum.

A method for quitting smoking without a nicotine hangover – The patch or chewing gum gives you a small amount of nicotine while you are weaning yourself off cigarettes. The method is suitable for those who can not tolerate nicotine withdrawal from the body. On the disadvantage is the fact that later you will evenly have to wean yourself off the substitutes. If you are a smoker with a small experience, the degree of nicotine addiction you are weak, and to the doctor do not want to go – you might try one of the other methods.

Hypnosis or coding.

The psychoanalyst suggests to the patient that they no longer wish to smoke – in a hypnotic trance or without it. The main thing is that the person still wants to quit smoking and did not smoke that’s why, not because of fear "to break the coding". If in some time a breakdown occurs it is better to visit the doctor again and either to strengthen or to remove the acquired settings.

Acupuncture.

By working with certain points on the body diseases have been cured for more than a thousand years. Unhealthy disease habits are no exception. The doctor pokes special needles into the necessary points on the ears, and the craving for smoking disappears. Usually one to six sessions are needed. Not for people who faint at the thought of needles. Also not officially approved.

Stressful Work.

Psychologists found out not so long ago that strenuous and stressful work can significantly reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke. Or even quit completely — There is no time left for cigarette breaks when you have a busy schedule. The effect will be stronger if you choose a company in which smoking is absolutely forbidden.

Sport.

For those who are attracted to active lifestyles, it completely works the method of substitution of smoking an addictive sport or a sport. Moderate and constant physical activity causes a biochemically determined sense of pleasure. In this condition it is even easier and more pleasant to overcome the addiction. In addition, sports have a great influence on the body’s appearance.

Expedition.

You can go kayaking on mountain rivers for a month, or wander through tropical wilderness, or conquer some impregnable peak. But you need to choose a non-smoking group for that activity — You can find some of them. If "shoot" There will be no one to have a cigarette, a tough travel schedule and rigorous physical activity soon enough will force you to forget about tobacco.

Books about "Easy method to quit smoking"

Now quitting "by the book" Very stylish, alone and in virtual support groups. Books can be bought or borrowed from people who have already quit smoking. But do not listen to those who say that the book did not help them – you have a goal to quit, not to collect statistics.

Solitary flight.

You can throw away your last pack of cigarettes and go to the middle of nowhere. Downsizing is evenly becoming fashionable. And, if the village you choose to live in has a tent of tobacco products, your choice — lonely weather stations in the taiga or a remote forestry cordon. If it’s 50 km by the forest to the nearest store, you can’t run out for another round of smokes.

Otherworldly intervention.

"It’s like a whisper" – a completely safe unofficial method with a 50% chance of success. In other words, it either works or it doesn’t. . It doesn’t matter what the method is based on – herbs, whispering over water or prayer. If you believe in these things, they work.

Mark Twain wrote: "It’s not hard to throw – I’ve tried it many times". Many people quit, because nicotine addiction is comparable to narcotics addiction. Analyze the cause of the breakdown: went to a place where they smoke, drank in the company, got nervous..? Draw conclusions and learn from your own mistakes.

Smoking.

Smoking is one of the worst habits.

According to the Global Health Organization smoking tobacco is the leading cause of ill health and premature death. Smoking is one of the more important causes of risk leading to diseases such as cardiovascular­vascular, respiratory, some forms of cancer. Up to 90% of all lung cancers, 75% of acquired bronchitis and emphysema, and 25% of coronary heart disease are related to smoking. According to scientists, by getting rid of nicotine addiction, the average life expectancy of earthlings would increase by four years.

Smoking kills over 10 thousand people a year in the region. That’s more than 20 6 times a day. Loss of life expectancy caused by smoking makes up 6 years for guys and 5-7 years for ladies.

Social and economic effectiveness of the prevention of addictions is rather high including the most widespread one – smoking. According to the average data, over 1.5 mln. More than 900 thousand of them are men and more than 500,000 of them are ladies. The economic damage from smoking in the Krasnodar region is more than 500 million. rubles a year. These are damages from fires and accidents related to smoking; cures for smoking-related illnesses; reduced productivity, lost work time, and disability. The medical expenses for illnesses caused by passive smoking and maternal smoking during pregnancy must be added.

The mechanism of addiction is the same for tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. The thinking is that "smoking – Not drinking, there is less harm, and it’s easy to quit".

Tobacco products are made from dried tobacco leaves which contain proteins, carbohydrates, mineral salts, fiber, enzymes, fatty acids and other. Among them, it is important to note the substance harmful to humans – nicotine. In terms of quantity in tobacco leaves and its effect on various human organs and systems, nicotine ranks No.1. It seeps into the organism with the tobacco smoke.

Tobacco smoke contains about four thousand chemical constituents. There’s only one thing that’s addictive – nicotine. It is an alkaloid which is not only found in tobacco leaves, but also in some other plants. By itself it is not as harmful to health as many other ingredients in tobacco smoke. But it’s the very need for nicotine that makes you want to inhale again and again "over and over again".

So why does it cause cravings?? Nicotine "is spoofed by" as a neurotransmitter that transmits impulses in the nervous system. In this way, it affects the peripheral and central sensors of the brain.

At first, nicotine excites. The smoker, on the one hand, feels an increase in activity and, on the other hand, a certain stupefaction, a feeling of blurring and indistinctness of the surrounding reality. A small dose of nicotine also increases the release of adrenaline – the stress hormone. Bullets increase by 30%, blood pressure – by 5-10 mm Hg, and the child feels almost euphoric.

In the development of addiction, a break in smoking is accompanied by an inability to concentrate, a bad mood, excitement. This suppression comes as a result of the preceding "shaking", in which nicotine caused excitation of specific receptors and release of more brain neurotransmitters than normal.

with time the smoker’s organism can not be content with the dose of nicotine which was enough at the beginning which makes the person take a cigarette more often and then change the brand to a stronger one altogether. This is how addiction develops.

Some people have a predisposition to abuse psychoactive substances which include tobacco. If ancestors smoke, their baby may be addicted to nicotine even before birth. When such a child grows up and tries to smoke, the addiction will come even more quickly than in teenagers.

If the mother was a heavy smoker during pregnancy, her child’s smoking habits will be even stronger.

Children with psychoneurological problems are inclined to smoke: those who suffer from epilepsy, have concussion, have small brain disorder because of birth traumas… They try to soften their condition with the help of drugs including tobacco.

Nicotine is also used to soothe their condition by those suffering from psychological illnesses. They also very quickly become addicted to psychoactive substances.

Teenage smoking in the Russian Federation is rapidly increasing. Our boys smoke their first cigarette before the age of 10, girls – at 13-14 years old. By the age of fifteen every tenth child who smokes has nicotine addiction. Do I have to tell you how devastating it is for their health?.

According to polls by doctors and sociologists, 30% of Russians have tried cigarettes by the age of twelve, by the age of thirteen – 47%, by fourteen – 55%, by 15-65%, by 16-78%, by 17-80%.

Statistics show that 48% of pregnant women smoke, from 50 to 82% of guys and over 50% of teenagers! Among 18- to 19-year-olds 47% of boys and 36% of women are slaves to tobacco.

By natural law, more boys are born – an average of 100 5 for every 100 girls. But in recent decades in advanced countries there has been a slight decline "male" fertility. The Japanese doctors have found that smoking, thus not only the future mother, and the future father, affects the sex of their heir, smokers have eighty two boys for every 100 girls and non-smoking couples have 121 boys.

A mother who smokes during pregnancy risks having a baby who will be hard to raise. British scientists have studied hundreds of pairs of identical and identical twins and came to the conclusion that smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of hyperactive and extremely impulsive babies, then prone to antisocial behavior.

Our cigarettes are the cheapest in the world: an average of 0.17-3.1 euros in the EU. It’s cheaper for a kid to buy a pack of poison than to take the subway or eat ice cream. According to statistics, every Russian, including kids, smokes 100 three packs of cigarettes a year, 2,500 packs. At the same time, standards of harmful substances in our cigarettes are much higher than in the West.

Most smokers – about 80% live in low- and middle-income countries. Because the global population is growing at the expense of less-advanced countries, the number of smokers not only is not getting smaller, but is getting larger.

In advanced economies, both the number of smokers and per capita cigarette consumption are decreasing. Till 20 years ago the death rate from smoking related diseases in England, France, America and other countries was not less than in Russia. But the active prevention of risk factors, combined with the promotion of a healthy lifestyle, allowed them to reduce the disease and mortality by half. Multinational tobacco companies were pushed out of Europe and America. Tobacco advertising was banned, and restrictions and bans were imposed everywhere. And taxes levied on tobacco companies by the South American government in 1998., so high that in the next twenty-five years the four big cigarette manufacturers alone will bring in about two hundred and six billion bucks into state budgets. No other industry, not only in America, but in the world has ever been hit by such a monetary burden. As a result of such a strict anti-tobacco policy over the past 20 years, 40 million and eight million Yankees have kicked the addiction. In Russia, it was exactly the opposite. Russia is still the most attractive market for multinational tobacco companies – after China and India.

According to the Euro region of the Global Health Organization, to afford to buy a pack of local cigarettes, a worker in Russia must work 40 three minutes. His personal spending on cigarettes averages over 6,000 rubles a year. This means that the population of our country from their own personal budget every month voluntarily squanders over two hundred and forty billion.rubles per year!

Some examples of official international statistics made public by WHO specialists:

– every 6 seconds in the world a person dies of diseases caused by tobacco use, a year – 3,5 million persons; (Smoking causes at least 90% of cases of lung cancer, fifteen-20% of cases of oncological diseases of other localizations, 75% of acquired bronchitis and emphysema and 25% of deaths from cardiovascular diseases; smokers get heart attack two to eight times more often than non-smokers. Smokers are three to four times more often die of coronary heart disease during a period of normal well-being.);

– the lethal dose for a human being – 2-3 drops; it is approximately 20-25 cigarettes. A smoker does not die because this dose of nicotine is administered evenly (over the course of a day), not in one sitting, also as a result of partial neutralization of the poison by the methanal of tobacco resins;

– At the moment of puffing, tobacco and tissue paper are lit, with all that, about one thousand two hundred harmful substances appear, including carbon monoxide, soot, benzpyrene, formic and hydrocyanic acids, arsenic, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, acetylene, radioactive elements… Tars are released, which contain 40 three cancer-causing carcinogens. And all of these things get into the smoker’s body;

– a smoker’s heart beats 12 to 15 thousand times more per day than a non-smoker’s, and it wears out faster;

– In eight out of ten cases a guy suffers from functional narrowing of blood vessels in the genitals due to smoking and, as a consequence, from – impotence. Smokers are twice as likely to become impotent as non-smokers.

Everyone now knows that smoking leads to lung cancer. But that doesn’t seem to stop smokers. Many people think that they will not be affected by this fate. One of the main reasons – lung cancer happens to non-smokers too. Why doesn’t everyone end up with this disease?? Yes, because they die from other diseases, also caused by smoking. Here are just more known: myocardial infarction and its consequences, first heart deficiency, heart rhythm disturbances, strokes, gangrene limbs, acquired obstructive pulmonary disease with a final in respiratory deficiency, diabetes and obesity and their induced aggravations. What all the same concerning development of lung cancer of those people who never smoked, there can be completely logical explanations. Firstly, the person could not smoke, but could be a passive smoker all his life because of the criteria of living at home and. Secondly, there are indeed a certain number of people who are genetically predisposed to lung cancer. And therefore this predisposition can be realized irrespective of whether this person smokes or not. Lung cancer is not only more common, but it is also the most lethal cancer in the world. Nonsmokers have a better chance of survival than smokers. First, after constructive surgical removal of cancer in nonsmoking patients, the possibility of recurrence of the disease. Second, patients who have never smoked respond better than smokers to modern anti-tumor medications. And, it means that the chances of recovery after chemotherapy in non-smoking patients with lung cancer are increased. The increase in lung cancer cases is directly proportional to the number of smokers and the number of cigarettes smoked. The main cause of malignant tumors in the respiratory tract, and particularly in the lungs was, and still is, smoking. Nine out of 10 people who are ill with this terrible disease – smokers. The risk of getting lung cancer doubles in people who are often in smoky rooms, for example, if family members or colleagues at work smoke. Smoking and lung cancer particularly mix in people who inhale polluted air because of their work duties. These welders, cutters, people involved in metal processing (especially the production of aluminum, iron and steel). Also damage from smoking is repeatedly amplified by work with radioactive substances. Besides harmful work, the risk of lung cancer is higher in smokers who have had tuberculosis, chronically ill with bronchitis or pneumosclerosis, pneumonia. Also the possibility of lung cancer is increased in smokers who have cured malignant tumors of other organs.

Smoking may also be the main cause of persistent vasospasm in the lower limbs, contributing to the development of obliterating endarteritis, which mostly affects men. This disease leads to malnutrition, gangrene and ultimately to the amputation of the lower extremity. The substances in tobacco smoke also damage the digestive tract, especially the teeth and the mucous membrane of the mouth.nicotine increases the secretion of gastric juice, which causes aching pain in the stomach, nausea, and vomiting. These signs can also be manifestations of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, which occur even more often in smokers than in non-smokers. So, for example, amongst guys with peptic ulcer disease, ninety six to 97% smoked.

Tobacco smoke can be a significant source of indoor air pollution. Occasionally (with heavy smoking and poor ventilation) the non-hazardous limit of eight hours in a very dirty carbon monoxide room can be exceeded. Carbon monoxide can cause some impairment of psychomotor reactions. Such exposure to CO can become crucial when added to factors such as drowsiness and alcohol while driving motor vehicles. Unrestricted smoking on buses and airplanes irritates most nonsmoking passengers, even with adequate ventilation. For some people, even mild smoke exposure causes irritation to the mucous membranes of the eyes and throat. Babies of parents who smoke are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia during their first year of life. Routinely measured CO levels in smoky environments have been shown to lower exercise tolerance in unhealthy people with angina pectoris".

From the appeal of the President of the All-Russian public organization "League for the Health of Civilization", Leo Antonovich Bokeria, Academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (September two thousand and eight years)

The unprecedented scale of smoking – This is a problem that has turned into a national security threat. According to statistics: 65% of guys and more than 30% of the ladies smoke. At the same time, 80% of the guys and 50% of the ladies smoke – 80% of the male and 50% of the female smokers started smoking when they were teenagers, in other words before they were 18. Over the past 20 years the number of people who have smoked has increased by 40,000. There are more than 2.5 million young people and 0.5 million women who smoke in Russia. In 1955 there were one thousand four hundred and fifteen cigarettes a year or twelve a day per smoker – two thousand six hundred and thirteen cigarettes a year, an average of 20 a day. Tobacco smoking accounts for 17% of untimely deaths in Russia. Smokers don’t live 10-15 years on average.

In order to solve this global problem, both in the world and in our country a number of laws and administrative and legal documents. Chief among them – Federal Law dated July 10, 2001 N° eighty seven "On Limitation of Tobacco Smoking". But laws will not work if there is no control over their implementation, if there is no conviction in the public consciousness about the necessity to follow these laws. This is why the international campaign has become popular and very effective in terms of its effects "Stop smoking and win" , which has been held under the banner of the Global Health Organization every two years since 1944. The essence of the campaign is a competition to stop smoking, in which any smoker over the age of eighteen can take part. The condition is simple – Abstain from smoking for one month.

Eight hours after quitting smoking oxygen content in the blood increases to normal values. In three to nine months, respiratory function improves by 10%. After 5 years, the risk of myocardial infarction is cut in half; after 10 years, the risk of lung cancer is cut in half. No doctor has ever confirmed that your lungs are 100 percent clear, even 10 years after you quit smoking. The degree of regeneration depends on many things, including age. And the earlier it is done, the better.

Those who pass the test are entered into a prize draw (non-smoking is monitored and confirmed with an ordinary test). According to the rules of the competition "the month without smoke" is in May, and the day of the drawing of prizes – Global Smoke Free Day (May 31st). In anticipation of each campaign, prizes are given: one international – 10,000 U.S. dollars, several European – two thousand five hundred bucks each, several Russian – two hundred bucks for each Federal District and lots of incentive prizes in the form of home appliances.

Kuban – is a regular participant in the international campaign and has participated in it seven times since the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-four, the last one – in the year two thousand six. The main organizer of the campaign is the Center of medical prophylaxis. Based on the results of each campaign, in terms of the number of participants, the Krasnodar territory was consistently among the top five Russian regions. In the last campaign, questionnaires were filled out by 2,30 people from 20 cities and districts of the region. And the winner of the contest of the Southern Federal District, who won two hundred bucks, was the painter from Armavir Zhora Viktorovich Tarasov, one thousand nine hundred and seventy four years of birth.

But the main achievement of the campaign is not the prizes won, but a significant contribution to the improvement of society. Sociological surveys conducted both during the campaign and in distant time intervals have shown that during the campaign, in the hope of winning a prize, 70% of campaign participants do not smoke, after six months, feeling more awake – up to 15%, and after a year – about 3%. Economic calculations conducted by specialists of the municipal NI Center for Preventive Medicine show that the financial benefit of one non-smoker for a year amounts to savings in preventable losses of 20 seven thousand U.S. dollars. Each $1 invested in the program benefits the economy 1.2 bucks. Practice shows that people who have participated in 2, 3 campaigns in a row get rid of their smoking habit at all.

Cigarette stuffed with poison.

More than 100 years have passed since the hero of Chekhov’s story gave his famous lecture on the dangers of tobacco. The number of smokers has increased over the years, despite the fact that smoking has turned out to be more harmful than 19th-century doctors thought.

A spoonful of tar.

Tobacco smoke contains over four thousand components, many of which are toxic, cause mutations or cancer, and it is difficult to say which substance is more harmful. Some experts believe the most deadly component of smoke is tar, or tar-tar, a product of dry distillation of tobacco, which appears during smoking. Tobacco tar enters the body as hard particles floating in the hot smoke. (Hot smoke cracks tooth enamel, but tar makes it darker.) These particles then settle in the respiratory tract and lungs, evenly coating them with carcinogenic tar.

Smoking kills about 5.4 million people worldwide each year. man.

In addition to the cancer-causing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the tar contains common and complex oxybenzenes, cresols, naphthols, naphthalenes. Even the best filters trap less than one-fifth of these substances, and everything else ends up in the lungs. Any sane person would refuse continuous inhalations with hot oxybenzene and naphthalene consistence, and smoking is the same inhalation. Tobacco tar would be harmful to health, even if it did not contain carcinogens and mutagens. For normal gas exchange to occur in the lungs, their surface must be untainted, and the tar layer covering it makes it difficult for oxygen to penetrate into the body.

Speaking of breathing. The smell of tobacco tar is very persistent. The smoker smells, too, because tar sits on the teeth and you have to make a special effort to clean them.

A drop of nicotine.

For humans, the lethal dose of nicotine is 50 to 100 mg, or 2 to 3 drops. This is the exact amount that enters the bloodstream once a day after smoking 20 to 25 cigarettes. Smoker’s salvation is that the poison he gets not immediately, but evenly.

Other doctors give the palm to the alkaloid nicotine. Under its influence smokers develop tobacco addiction equal in strength to the addiction to tobacco and alcohol. Nicotine enters the bloodstream through the lungs and reaches the brain within seconds. where it combines with sensors and triggers the release of dopamine "the pleasure hormone". But gradually the level of the hormone goes down to the usual level, and the person, bored, reaches for the next cigarette. The average smoker does this about once every 40 minutes – This is exactly the time when the nicotine content in the body drops by half.

But nicotine is not only addictive. It is a powerful neurotoxin whose effect on the autonomic nervous system first causes a decrease in heart rate, which causes our body to lack oxygen. Decreased blood volume leads to higher heart rate and strength and increased blood pressure. Nicotine also causes spasm of the skin vessels (smokers have a sore complexion).

Nicotine slows down the peristalsis (contraction) of the stomach and intestinal tract, which leads to stasis of semi-digested food. That is why smokers have bad digestion and a poor appetite. Nicotine also in itself dulls the sense of hunger. Some girls, knowing this, start smoking to lose weight. Willing to resort to such ways to adjust the weight can be recommended a couple of days to count all the full of female smokers met. Quickly they spoil their digestion than lose weight, then their breath will smell not only of tobacco tar.

The colon and rectum are also affected by nicotine, causing involuntary spasms. This impedes blood circulation and may contribute to hemorrhoidal nodules. Nymph with a grayish complexion, bad breath, and hemorrhoids – Think about it, girls! And if that argument doesn’t reassure you, know that you’re swallowing an insecticide. The plant synthesizes it to ward off caterpillars, good people spray their gardens with tobacco tincture, and cover their clothes with leaves to ward off moths, and you are swallowing it in your mouth!

Aggravating incidents.

The ability of carbon monoxide to combine with hemoglobin is two hundred times higher than that of oxygen, because it replaces oxygen, and as a result all tissues and organs of the smoker, including the brain, heart and other muscles are suffering from hypoxia. To compensate for the lack of oxygen, the heart and lungs have to work harder, causing circulatory problems. Carbon monoxide also damages artery walls and increases risk of heart attacks.

Another component of tobacco smoke – hydrocyanic acid. It is a poison, and although cigarettes are not much of it, it chronically destroys the nervous system, reducing the ability of nerve cells to take up oxygen from the inflowing blood. And because the nerve cells need oxygen more than anyone else, they are the first to suffer the effects of hydrocyanic acid.

And hydrocyanic acid has a negative effect on the cells of the upper respiratory tract. These cells protect the bronchi from pathogenic germs, cleaning them from dust and do not allow the accumulation of mucus. When the epithelium is crushed, toxic substances and bacteria accumulate in the lungs. Smoking causes bronchitis and the famous smoker’s morning cough. The epithelium is also affected by other constituents of tobacco smoke: acrolein, ammonium, nitrogen dioxide, and methanal. All these substances, which are caustic and odorous, make tobacco smoke even more irritating.

Essential oils harmful to the heart, DDT, butyric, acetic and formic acids, radioactive metals: polonium-210(!), potassium-40, radium-226, radium-228 and thorium-228, also bismuth, arsenic, potassium, lead, potassium, manganese. Breathing all that in – is like hitting the exhaust pipe 20 times a day.

The spread of smoking in the Russian Federation is almost twice as high as the world average: over 70 per cent of guys and about 30 per cent of ladies smoke. At the same time the most part of smokers in our country falls on the age group from sixteen to twenty five years old.

Tobacco sucks cadmium salts out of the ground with exclusive efficiency, their content in tobacco leaves many times exceeds maximum allowable value for the main food products. Cadmium accumulates in the lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract, causing cancers of these organs, and cadmium oxide in the lungs, when combined with tobacco smoke, causes lung cancer. Cadmium also prevents the cell from repairing DNA damage.

Tobacco smoking is technically a substance abuse problem. But it is the only type of substance abuse that is not prosecuted.

Elevated concentrations of other poisonous metals are also not indifferent to humans. For example, an excess of manganese in guys who smoke increases the activity of DNA-damaging enzymes. Lead increases the body’s sensitivity to radiation, decreases life expectancy, and contributes to the premature onset of near-age disease. Lead disrupts kidney function, has a detrimental effect on motor function and coordination, reaction time, hearing and memory, makes learning difficult, and increases anger.

Where the smoke seeps in.

Some diseases caused by smoking: lung cancer and stomach cancer, sclerosis, arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, acquired bronchitis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, frequent respiratory infections in babies living in the family of a smoker, leg artery disease, in which the blood supply is dramatically affected, fetal development disorders when the mother smokes.

Smokers absorb with tobacco smoke an enormous amount of substances that would never be taken in other "packaging". Tobacco smoke is acrid. Once in the mouth, it irritates the tongue, gums, and soft tissues of the mouth. Inflamed periodontium is a tempting environment for germs. Another consequence of smoking – Dental cavities and enamel damage are not uncommon. In addition, tobacco smoke irritates the salivary glands and promotes salivary secretion.

From the mouth the poisonous substances together with saliva get into the stomach and irritate its mucosa and cause gastritis. The enormous amount of saliva swallowed in itself provokes an increased secretion of highly acidic gastric juice, which corrodes the stomach. Smokers die 3-4 times more often from stomach and duodenal ulcers than nonsmokers.

Tobacco acts on digestive organs indirectly, through the nervous system. Frequent and long constriction of blood vessels supplying the stomach aggravates its nutrition and causes ulcer formation.

Poisonous substances entering our body are neutralized by the liver. Smoking can cause pathological configurations of both the liver and pancreas.

Things we haven’t mentioned yet? The organs of the emotions. Smoking dulls the sense of taste, and angry smokers often complain about poor eyesight. Sometimes they can even lose their ability to see in color, because the poisonous substances attack the optic nerve. The constant irritation of the nasopharynx eventually spreads to some parts of the auditory apparatus and affects the auditory nerve.

Smoking causes high concentrations of the sulfur-containing amino acid homocysteine, which is one of the causes of the most severe fetal anomalies, even before death. Excessive levels of homocysteine – Companion to many ailments, including malignant tumors, complications of pregnancy, and neuropsychiatric illnesses. It is hard to find an organ or system that would not be harmed by smoking. The immune system is not an exception. Tobacco, as well as many other plant substances can cause allergic diseases, such as asthma, dermatitis, vasomotor rhinitis and some others. Our lives are filled with noxious factors. There is asbestos and arsenic, paints and volatile resins, X-rays and radioactive substances, which, as unfortunate as it may sound, may find themselves in the most unexpected places. And then there is the dust of animal and plant origin, pathogenic tiny organisms, stress and a huge number of occupational hazards. All these causes lead to disease, and smoking significantly increases the possibility of falling ill. Therefore people, whose work is connected with professional hazards, for example, employees of the Emergencies Ministry, the mining industry or asbestos production to smoke categorically impossible. It is not allowed for sportsmen as well, because all harmful substances contained in tobacco smoke are absorbed by trained lungs with special efficiency.

And behind them crayfish…

Tobacco is one of the most widespread carcinogens in the human population. There is no doubt that smoking is associated with the appearance of spongiform and oral cancers, the digestive tract, the pancreas, the urinary system, the stomach, the liver, and the neck of the uterus in ladies. According to some estimations from 12% to 58% of all myeloid leukemia cases are caused by benzene from tobacco smoke.

According to the data of the World Health Organization 52% of deaths from cancer of boys and 5% of deaths from cancer of ladies should be attributed to smoking. But women’s smoking in our country is rapidly gaining momentum, and in 10-15 years we will catch up with the West in this area. So, after the ladies took up cigarettes, they began 2-3 times more often to fall ill with lung cancer, which previously was considered a male ailment.

Girls, contemplating the future.

Sadly, the number of Russian smokers increasing young ladies, many of whom do not think it necessary to give up their own habit, even during pregnancy. This chapter – Especially for them and for those guys who expect their girlfriends to have a healthy baby.

Smoking ladies more often than non-smokers suffer from anemia, acquired inflammatory diseases of the genitals and gastrointestinal tract. During pregnancy they have almost twice as often acquired placental abnormalities, which cause the fetus to suffer from hypoxia (impaired oxygen exchange), and further complications develop during labour and after the parenthood is discontinued. Even pregnancies that appear to end successfully are more difficult for women smokers than for non-smokers. Women who smoke have an increased risk of ectopic pregnancies, spontaneous abortions, poor placental attachment, uterine bleeding, early rupture of membranes, prematurity, and stillbirths.

Even passive smoking by an expectant mother negatively affects the baby.

Up to 18% of the nicotine in the pregnant woman’s system leaks to the fetus because the placenta is excellent at passing it through. nicotine concentration in placental tissue, amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood is equal or even exceeds its concentration in maternal plasma. According to Russian scientists, nicotine intrauterine exposure disturbs the movement, division and differentiation of fetal cells, so babies of smokers often appear with ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes or reduced immune system activity.

Nicotine causes spasm of uteroplacental vessels, so the fetus receives less oxygen and nutrients. Early fetal hypoxia leads to the birth of premature infants with diminished learning capacity, crushed brain tissue, and modified corticosteroid levels in girls, indicating masculinization. As adults, these victims of hypoxia will procreate even more malformed offspring, who lag behind their peers in physical development.

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